More About Japanese Garden Design
Japanese garden design is renowned for its simplicity, elegance as well as its symbolization. Japanese gardens consist of the mixture of some different elements including sand, rock, water, ornament and natural plant. Japanese gardens are made with three basic principles; reduced scale, borrowed view and symbolization. The reduced scale design refers to miniature of certain famous scenes which are meaningful for Japanese. They usually use stones and sand to create mountain and river miniature. The scaled garden design is also related to the symbolization garden. They used to symbolize sand and gravel as rivers and rocks and stones as mountain.
Japanese garden plants are used to create garden with borrowed view. The borrowed view refers to employing the existing scenery to supplement the garden. Shakkei or borrowed view Japanese garden design is made to create natural garden with the existing scenery as the part of the whole design. This garden design is usually created in large landscape and is commonly found as public parks. Based on its styles, Japanese gardens have some different styles such as Cha Niwa, Karesansui, TsuboNiwa and KaiyuShikien. Cha Niwa or Tea Gardens consist of lanterns, water basin and steeping stones as basic elements.
Karesansui is a popular garden which is influenced by Zen-Buddhist doctrine. These Japanese garden design elements include rock, stone, sand and moss. The waterless rock and sand symbolize streaming water with groups of rock and stones. The TsuboNiwa or Courtyard Garden is a small garden design which elements are similar to Tea Garden. This garden design is very suitable for small space houses. KaiyuShikien, the last but not least Japanese garden is kind of public parks with borrowed view principle. This Japanese garden design is commonly created in large landscape and it takes advantages from the existing scenery.